The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy usually develop gradually and the sufferer only realized after significant nerve damage.
Symptoms of Diabetes Neuropathy
Based on the location of the damaged nerve, diabetic neuropathy is divided into four types, namely mononeuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, femoral neuropathy and peripheral neuropathy.
Mononeuropathies or focal neuropathy regarding certain nerves in the face, torso or legs. Although the symptoms can be painful, the condition can improve by itself within a few weeks or months. The symptoms of mononeuropathy include:
- Paralyzed on one side of the face.
- Pain in the shins, feet, pelvis, lower back, quads, chest, or abdomen.
- Pain behind the eyes, the eye is difficult to focus, or double vision.
The next type of diabetic neuropathy is autonomic neuropathy, a condition that can cause damage to the nervous system that regulates many body functions, such as gastrointestinal, urinary, genital, and the vascular system (blood vessels). Symptoms are caused, among others:
- In the digestive system: bloating, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, or pain in the midriff.
- In the vascular system: faster heartbeat, low blood pressure, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, or view becomes dark quickly after standing (orthostatic hypotension).
- In the genital system: erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, or difficult orgasm
- Urinary tract: bloating, urinary incontinence or difficulty emptying the bladder (at urination seemed not finished).
The third type of diabetic neuropathy is femoral neuropathy, or often also called diabetic amyotrophy, a condition that attacks the nerves located in the hips, buttocks, thighs, or legs. Symptoms are caused, among others:
- Hard to get up from a sitting position.
- Abdominal swelling.
- Pain in your hips, thighs, or buttocks.
The latter type of diabetic neuropathy is a peripheral neuropathy. The most common type that is causing damage to the peripheral nervous system, especially in the legs and feet. Symptoms that can appear in the form of:
- Tingling in the lower legs, or feels hot.
- Cramping or pain.
- Diminished reflexes.
- Loss of balance and coordination.
- Muscle weakness.
- The serious problem in a serious leg, such as infections, ulcers, joint and bone pain, or changes shape (deformity).
- Numbness or decreased ability to feel pain and temperature changes.