Blackheads are problem of which can affect a person's self confidence. Blackheads are bumps (papules) on the surface of black leather that comes from clogged hair follicles.
There are many ways to cope with severe blackheads, among them a way to be cleared manually, the provision of medical drugs, laser therapy and light therapy, chemical peels, and Microdermabrasion.
Blackheads are one of several types of acne, blackheads are divided into two types according to the degree of damage, namely mild comedones and blackheads severe.
But it can also appear on the back, neck, chest, shoulders, and arms. Blackheads occur when hair follicles widened and filled by dander, bacteria, and sebum or oil. Severe blackheads are infected or inflamed will turn into pimples.
Type Blackheads and Trigger Factors Incidence of Blackheads
There are several types of blackheads, among others:
A very small comedones that are not visible to the eye.
Blackheads are white with a diameter of 2-3 mm.
Black blackheads or open comedones
Type of blackheads is caused by dead skin cells and oils that accumulated at the outer end of the skin follicles. Because the skin on top of open comedones and exposed to air, the color black blackheads.
White blackheads or closed comedones
Is the kind of blackheads in which the hair follicle completely blocked.
Blackheads are a type of cyst where there is an open end block on it.
Blackheads are caused by long-term sun exposure. Blackheads this type often occurs in older people.
There are several factors that can trigger the growth of blackheads, such as irritation of the hair follicles that occurs when dead skin cells do not exfoliate regularly. Eating certain drugs as corticosteroids, lithium, or hormone androgen. In addition, excess oil production and accumulation of bacteria Propionibacterium acnes on the skin surface can also trigger the appearance of blackheads. Oil production usually occurs during adolescence, during menstruation, or when taking birth control pills.
Various Ways to Overcome Severe Blackheads Before You Go
There are various ways to cope with severe blackheads, of simple ways you can do at home with free drugs, to medical care.
If the counter medication can not handle severe blackheads you, then the medication prescribed by the doctor is necessary for further handling. Generally, the doctor will prescribe tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene. All three drugs containing vitamin A that works by preventing the formation of blockages in the hair follicles and also accelerate the turnover of skin cells. In the case of blackheads accompanied by acne cysts and boils, the doctor will prescribe medications that contain benzoyl peroxide and antibiotics.
Removal of blackheads in manual
In addition to medication, severe blackheads can also be overcome by the method of removal of blackheads manually. This treatment is done by using a special tool made of metal with a small loop at the end to lift the blockages that cause blackheads. However, remove blackheads using tools that are not clean or dirty fingers, will make blackheads become inflamed.
Mikrodermabasi treatment is a method of cleansing the skin of the blockage causes comedones performed by a doctor or dermatologist. This technique uses a special tool such as a tube that has a rough texture on the surface. In addition to overcoming blackheads, mikrodermabasi also can improve the appearance of skin, facial rejuvenation, and black spots.
Nonsurgical beauty treatments are also popular help improve the skin's appearance and help overcome the severe blackheads by removing dead skin cells and blockage. Methods of chemical peels use chemicals to peel the skin cells that have died. After peeling done, the skin smoother look. In addition to overcoming blackheads, this method is also used to treat acne scars, dark spots, wrinkles, up to sun-damaged skin.
Laser therapy and light therapy
This therapy can treat severe blackheads and pimples without damaging the surface of the outer skin. This therapy uses light energy to reduce the production of excess oil on the skin and kills bacteria that cause blackheads.
Care of home
Wash and clean your face with warm water and soap made from lightweight. Then, apply a cream or gel that contains salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, or resorcinol. Materials with the content of work to kill bacteria, dry up excess oil, and help exfoliate dead skin cells.
Use cosmetics or skin care products that are free of oil. Choose products that do not cause irritation to the skin and adjust to your skin type. Chooses product cosmetics that labeled noncomedogenic, You can also use products such as skin exfoliating scrubs and a face mask to remove dead skin cells from the face.
To prevent the appearance of blackheads and turn into severe blackheads, you could also do some simple steps like cleaning your face regularly with a mild soap at least twice a day.