Diabetes has been known as an adult disease. But make no mistake, it turns out diabetes can also occur in small children, even in infants. The type of diabetes that strikes children commonly referred to with the term Juvenil.
Diabetes that has been infected since the baby, can develop for life. Thus, proper care is needed to keep diabetics healthy and can move normally.
To know your baby has diabetes or not, you need to know the signs of diabetes in infants. Anything?
At what age does diabetes appear in infants?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body's ability to absorb blood sugar and use it as energy. People with diabetes, unable to use insulin properly, so that blood sugar accumulates in the body.
Not only in adults, diabetes can also occur in infants. Diabetes in infants may last only temporarily (called transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) type 1) and also persist for life (called permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM)).
TNDM can occur from birth (first week after birth) and usually symptoms of TNDM may gradually disappear between the ages of 3 months and 18 months. However, this diabetes can reappear, especially in childhood or during adolescence, and develop into permanent diabetes mellitus. Whereas, PNDM usually first appears in the first 6 months of life and continues until a lifetime.
Symptoms of diabetes in infants
In order for a baby with diabetes quickly get the right treatment, you as a parent would need to know what are the signs of diabetes experienced by the baby. The signs of diabetes in infants are:
Babies have experienced growth delay since they are still in the womb
The baby has hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
Babies more often urinate so much loss of body fluids and dehydrated. In addition, the smell of baby urine may resemble the aroma of the fruit.
Infants unable to gain weight or lose weight. Although the baby may have eaten a lot, but the baby's weight is still difficult to increase.
Babies vomit for no apparent reason
Babies look tired and weak from lack of energy
Babies experience delays in growth and development
According to Genetic Home Reference, infants with TNDM may also develop abnormal organ development, such as brain, heart, or kidney, and may also experience weak muscle. Meanwhile, babies with PNDM usually have pancreas whose development is backward.
If your baby's weight continues to decrease and difficult to rise, you should take the baby immediately to the doctor. You should be suspicious of having diabetes. The doctor will check the baby's blood sugar level. If your baby's blood sugar level is 200 mg / dL or higher, your baby may have diabetes. The doctor may perform further laboratory tests to confirm it.
Treatment of diabetes in infants
Babies with diabetes need special care that aims to keep their blood sugar levels under control. Uncontrolled blood sugar for a long time can cause diabetes in babies to get worse and can even lead to complications of diabetes. This requires lifelong care.
You as a parent should pay attention to your baby's intake until he gets older. Feeding intake can greatly affect blood sugar levels, so eating intake should be controlled. Avoid foods that contain high levels of sugar to give to babies, such as sweet foods and drinks.
We recommend using low-calorie sweeteners and containing chromium minerals to be added in baby foods or drinks. Chromium minerals can increase the function of the hormone insulin, so that blood sugar levels can be more controlled.
If your doctor gives you medication, such as insulin, you should use the drug according to the rules. Do not forget or pass from the time the drug is supposed to be. The medicine given by the doctor is very helpful in controlling blood sugar levels.