Betahistine includes Histamine H3 receptor antagonists as well as histamine H1 receptor agonists. The type of Betahistine dihydrochloride was first registered in Europe in 1970 for the treatment of Ménière disease.
Betahistine is a drug analog histamine which serves to overcome the conditions arising from Meniere's disease. Meniere's disease itself is a rare condition that affects the inner ear. This condition can cause symptoms such as vertigo, tinnitus or the appearance of rippling sound of the ear, hearing loss, and felt the pressure in the inner ear.
Meniere's disease patients who experience a sudden attack could feel the whole or part of the symptoms. The attack of Meniere's disease has a severity and repetition rate is different. Betahistine is thought to reduce the pressure in the ear and relieve the symptoms by improving blood flow to the ear.
Definition of Betahistine
Forms of drugs:
Coping with the symptoms that arise due to Meniere's disease.
Prevention & Warning:For pregnant or are planning a pregnancy or breastfeeding, ask a doctor before taking this medicine.
Please be careful in taking this drug for patients with asthma, urticaria, rhinitis, once suffered from a peptic ulcer and patients with pheochromocytoma or adrenal gland tumor.
If you are taking any other medications in conjunction with betahistine, ask your doctor or pharmacist whether medications contain an antihistamine or not. An antihistamine can interfere with the function of betahistine.
In case of allergic reaction or an overdose, immediately encountered a doctor or go to the nearest hospital. The use of betahistine for children should be monitored by a physician during treatment. betahistine is not recommended for children under 18 years old.
The initial dose in taking betahistine is 8-16 mg three times a day. After that could be determined to be 24-48 mg per day. Doses are given according to the needs of patients and should not consume more than 48 mg per day. This drug is only recommended for adults, not for children and adolescents under the age of 18 years.
What side effects may occur because of betahistine?
Like all other drugs, these drugs can cause side effects, although not everyone experienced. Very few side effects have been reported with betahistine.
The following serious adverse reactions may occur during treatment with betahistine:
Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat
Your blood pressure reduction
loss of consciousness
Hard to breath
If side effects occur you should discontinue treatment immediately and contact your physician.
Other side effects include (affecting less than 1-10 people):
General feeling of illness (nausea)
Other side effects have been reported with the use of betahistine, such as mild stomach problems, such as vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal swelling (abdominal distention), and bloating. Betahistine with food consumption may help reduce stomach problems.
Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects that are not mentioned above. If you have concerns about side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
There are several types of medications that can cause interactions when consumed simultaneously, therefore you need to be careful and consult a doctor. The types of drugs that may interact with this drug include as below:
- Antihistamines - This is because in theory betahistine may not work correctly. Moreover, betahistine can reduce the effects of antihistamines.
- Monoamine-oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) - used to treat depression or Parkinson's disease. These drugs may increase the side effects of betahistine.
Food or alcohol interaction
There are several types of specific drugs that cannot be used in conjunction with a particular meal, due to drug interactions may occur. Smoke or consume alcohol, with the kind of certain medications, can also cause the interaction to occur. Consult Your use of medications with food, alcohol, or tobacco that is commonly consumed by your health care provider.
Health conditions interaction
The presence of other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. Tell your doctor if you have other health problems.