In medical terms, heart disease also known as coronary heart disease. A condition that occurs when the main blood vessel that supplies blood to the heart (the coronary arteries) were damaged. Piles of cholesterol in the blood vessels as well as the inflammatory process are suspected to be the cause of this disease.
When ongoing accumulation of cholesterol (plaque), coronary blood vessels will also be narrowed so blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart also will be hindered. The lack of blood flow will also lead to pain in the chest (angina) and shortness of breath, until the moment lasted a total blockage in the blood flow to the heart or the meaning of a heart attack as well.
Coronary heart disease as well as one among the top trigger of death in the world. World Heart Federation to estimate mortality due to coronary heart disease in South-East Asia reaches 1, 8 million issue in 2014.
Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease takes place when the blood supply to the heart that passes through the coronary arteries is blocked by fat. Accumulation of fat in the blood vessels is known as atherosclerosis sense as well as being a major trigger for coronary heart disease in most people.
In addition to inhibiting the blood supply to the heart, atherosclerosis can also cause the formation of blood clots. If this happens, blood flow to the heart was completely blocked and a heart attack occurs. The triggering factors of atherosclerosis include high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, high cholesterol, and smoking.
Types and Complications of Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease is classified into two types according to the degree of inhibition of blood flow, the heart attack and angina (wind seated). Heart disease that is not treated will also trigger deadly complications.
Cardiac performance will decline, when it does not receive enough blood supply to too weak to pump blood. This situation can make the fluid accumulates in the lungs and makes patients will experience shortness of breath torturous. This problem is known so unsuccessful heart. These complications can occur suddenly or gradually.
Diagnosis of Coronary Heart Disease
In the early stages of the examination, the doctor usually will ask about your symptoms, family medical history, as well as the patient's lifestyle. Furthermore, the doctor will analyze the results of the examination, and if you are suspected of having heart disease, your doctor may advise you to undergo several tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Screening and tests may be done, for example electrocardiogram (ECG), blood tests, coronary angiography, X-ray, CT scans, or MRI scans.
Treatment For Coronary Heart Disease
If proved to have heart disease, the patient is highly recommended to run a healthy lifestyle, such as keeping your diet, regular exercise, take medication regularly as directed, and stop smoking.
Coronary heart disease cannot be cured, but can be prevented from deteriorating. Your doctor may recommend surgery steps to deal with this disease if necessary. The goal in the treatment of heart disease is to control symptoms and decrease the risk of a fatal attack as a sudden heart attack and other complications.
Prevention of Coronary Heart DiseaseThere are some simple precautions to avoid heart disease, namely:
Controlling blood sugar levels.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Reducing the consumption of liquor.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as reducing high cholesterol foods, increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Exercise regularly, at least 30 minutes a day can make the body healthier and reduce the risk of heart attack.
Remember the message doctors, that prevention is better than cure. With a healthy heart you have the possibility to be able to live much longer than those who had severe heart disease.