Babies born prematurely are babies born before the age of pregnancy reaches 37 weeks. Babies born prematurely, especially those born before reaching the age of 32 weeks, often experience various health problems.
Premature birth can be caused by various factors that are often difficult to predict. Women with a history of certain diseases and habits are thought to have a premature birthing tendency.
Factors That Can Cause Premature LaborQuite a few factors that can be the trigger of premature birth, such as:
LifestyleBad daily habits can also trigger premature births such as:
Less eating nutritious foods
Smoking while pregnant
Consume alcohol or illegal drugs
InfectionSome cases of premature birth, caused by bacterial infections of the reproductive system, and urinary tract. Bacteria secrete substances, which can weaken the membrane around the amniotic sac, and cause premature rupture of membranes.
These bacteria can also cause inflammation, and infection of the uterus, even when the membranes covering the uterus are intact. This condition causes the baby to be born prematurely.
The infection that can cause premature birth, including:
Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis.
Urinary tract infections or asymptomatic bacteriuria are generally not accompanied by symptoms, so urine examination is necessary to detect bacteria.
Especially for those who have previously experienced preterm labor, should undergo examination and treatment of bacterial vaginosis to reduce the risk of preterm delivery.
Health Conditions or Certain Diseases
People with certain diseases such as diabetes, renal impairment, high blood pressure, anemia during pregnancy, are more at risk of preterm labor.
In addition, problems with the placenta, such as placenta previa or placental abruption, can also make the baby premature.
Placenta previa is a condition when the placenta is embedded too close to the cervix, or cervix. Patients with placenta previa are prone to severe bleeding, often requiring a cesarean section.
Placental abruption is a condition when the placenta begins to separate from the uterine wall before the baby is born. This condition can endanger the life of the mother and baby.
Having a cervical structure of less than 2.5 cm, or cervical opening and closing without contractions can also cause premature birth. This abnormal condition of the cervix may occur at birth or from cervical surgery.
Underwent surgery in the abdominal cavity during pregnancy, such as due to appendicitis or gallstones, also increases the risk of the baby being born prematurely.
Other risk factors
There are several other specific conditions that make a woman more at risk of preterm birth, among others:
There are several other specific conditions, which makes a woman, more risky to give birth prematurely, among others:
- Body weight is less or more than normal before pregnancy.
- Contains more than one baby.
- Experiencing trauma, depression, violence, or injury during pregnancy. High stress causes the release of hormones that trigger contractions and premature birth.
- Genetic factors can also trigger premature births.
- Have had an abortion or multiple miscarriages.
- Pregnant with distance less than six months, from a previous pregnancy.
- Pregnancy through IVF.
- Several times have to bleed during pregnancy, especially during the last trimester.
- Taking diethylstilboestrol (DES) medication while pregnant.
- The age of women during pregnancy is too young or too old, ie less than 17 or more than 35 years during pregnancy.
- Your job type involves heavy physical activity.